Lumenera Blog

The Challenge of Aerial Imaging: Achieving a Clear and Sharp Image

The Challenge of Aerial Imaging: Achieving a Clear and Sharp Image

This blog post walks through the concept of blur in terms of imaging from a moving aircraft and shows how to calculate the maximum speed at which an aircraft can fly based on the ground resolution required from the system.

Configuring a Camera: How Exposure Time and Gain Impact Image Noise

Configuring a Camera: How Exposure Time and Gain Impact Image Noise

This blog post reviews the results of an experiment that illustrates how increasing a camera’s gain will increase the noise in the image. Depending on the application, this may be an acceptable trade-off based on the requirements of the camera’s aperture and shutter speed. The only way to further reduce the noise is to actually select a camera with less noise.

Protecting Aerial Imaging Equipment with Conformal Coating

Protecting Aerial Imaging Equipment with Conformal Coating

Since the inner workings of imaging equipment are not hermetically sealed, they are subject to all the atmospheric changes that accompany the aircraft’s climb to its operational altitude. One of the most impactful changes to the camera’s operation is the dew point – the temperature at which water vapor in the air condensates. One solution to this challenge is to apply a polymer coating to the electronics that conforms to the printed circuit board. This protects the components and exposed metal from condensation if it occurs inside the body of the camera.

Aerial Imaging: How to Achieve the Correct Ground Resolution

Aerial Imaging: How to Achieve the Correct Ground Resolution

When equipping an aerial vehicle with imaging equipment, it is important to make out the objects of interest with enough detail for the desired task at hand. This blog post explores the contributing factors to attaining a desired ground resolution (also known as the ground sampling distance (GSD)).

Understanding Camera Sensitivity – A Look at the Numbers

Understanding Camera Sensitivity – A Look at the Numbers

This blog post focusses on units of sensitivity and explains why Lumenera illustrates sensitivity in a particular way and how it relates to the EMVA 1288 standard. It also takes an easy-to-follow approach to the math relating both units while explaining some properties of physics along the way. Finally, some parallels will be drawn between quantities of photons and how they relate to real world scenarios.

Using Histograms to Understand Your Vision System Image Data

Using Histograms to Understand Your Vision System Image Data

This blog post explores the fundamentals of the histogram and how to make it a valuable tool for analyzing image composition, leading to improved image quality and better imaging decisions for your specific image system application.

Why You Should be Using a P-Iris Lens in Your Vision System

Why You Should be Using a P-Iris Lens in Your Vision System

Recently, a technology known as P-Iris (Precision Iris) has entered the machine vision market offering an alternative to the DC-Iris lenses. The P-Iris lens has the ability to reliably maintain and return to a specific aperture value while retaining to the ability to vary the aperture in challenging conditions where gain and shutter speed are at their predetermined limits. The user can set the aperture to the exact point where the depth of field is greatest and where diffraction has no impact on the sensor based on its pixel size, thus rendering a sharp and blur-free image.

The Truth About Enhancing Images: What’s Possible and What’s Not

The Truth About Enhancing Images: What’s Possible and What’s Not

Many of today's TV shows and movies, especially crime dramas, make enhancing digital images seem rather simple. So, does this mean that all digital enhancements we see on TV or in movies are fake? Not entirely, but many of them are. If you find yourself asking if that image enhancement is really possible, remember this: Could the data have been there in the first place? If the answer is no, then the magic of TV or movies might be helping to move the story along!

Why Monitor Calibration is Crucial when Setting up a Vision System

Why Monitor Calibration is Crucial when Setting up a Vision System

Your display is an essential interface when working with vision applications. Monitor calibration is an often overlooked yet crucial step in setting up a vision application, especially if visual inspection is the primary use for the camera. Even monitors from the same manufacturer, with the same model number, and connected to the same computer can display the same image with some variance in tonality or color.

Understanding Dynamic Range and Signal-to-Noise Ratio When Comparing Cameras

Understanding Dynamic Range and Signal-to-Noise Ratio When Comparing Cameras

Dynamic Range and Signal-to-Noise Ratio are very helpful when comparing cameras and trying to select the particular camera to meet your needs. Dynamic Range and Signal-to-Noise Ratio are commonly mistaken with one another, so let’s clarify the differences with providing definitions, equations, and descriptions for each.

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